Problem-Solving Justice

Publications

Lessons from Community Court: Strategies on Criminal Justice Reform from a Defense Attorney

Lessons from Community Court: Strategies on Criminal Justice Reform from a Defense Attorney

By Brett Taylor

Since the first community court was created in 1993, a generation of judges, lawyers, and court staff have developed new strategies for working with those charged with low-level crimes. In this report, Brett Taylor shares lessons he learned first-hand from his years working as a defense attorney at the Red Hook Community Justice Center and helping other jurisdictions adapt the community courts model. These lessons are relevant to any court system that seeks to improve outcomes for communities, victims, and offenders alike.

Publications

UPNEXT: A Model for Increasing Financial and Emotional Support

UPNEXT: A Model for Increasing Financial and Emotional Support

By Bo Twiggs

This monograph describes UPNEXT, a job training and family engagement program based out of the Midtown Community Court that serves unemployed men and non-custodial fathers. 

Publications

Implementing Evidence Based Assessment and Treatment Matching: A Feasibility and Impact Study in Three New York City Drug Courts

Implementing Evidence Based Assessment and Treatment Matching: A Feasibility and Impact Study in Three New York City Drug Courts

By Sarah Picard-Fritsche, Michael Rempel, Warren A. Reich, Erin Farley and Ashmini Kerodal

This report presents an overview of the feasibility and impact of introducing evidence-based risk assessment and treatment-matching protocols into three established New York City drug courts.

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Publications

Assessment and Treatment Matching: A Case Study of Traditional Practices in Three New York City Drug Courts

Assessment and Treatment Matching: A Case Study of Traditional Practices in Three New York City Drug Courts

By Erin Farley, Michael Rempel and Sarah Picard-Fritsche

The findings in this report are based on an analysis of two years of clinical assessment and treatment placement data in three established New York City drug courts. Findings suggest that case management staff in these courts regularly completed a lengthy bio-psychosocial assessment of each participant, but ultimately relied on a small number of factors related to current and past drug use, social support, employment, and residential stability when making treatment planning decisions. Further, treatment planning decisions were broadly informed by a desire to place drug court participants in the “least restrictive” treatment setting as an initial modality.

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Publications

Responding to Homelessness: 11 Ideas for Justice Systems

Responding to Homelessness: 11 Ideas for Justice Systems

By Raphael Pope-Sussman

This fact sheet explores strategies that jurisdictions around the United States are using to deal with the issue of homelessness. Whether led by law enforcement, prosecutors, public defenders, or the courts, these approaches seek to address underlying causes and provide the practical support homeless offenders need to stabilize their lives. For each strategy described in this fact sheet, we have also included a case study. 

Publications

Advancing Community Justice: The Challenge of Brownsville, Brooklyn

Advancing Community Justice: The Challenge of Brownsville, Brooklyn

By Greg Berman

This monograph starts with a question: What can we do differently to enhance public safety, reduce the use of incarceration, and improve public perceptions of justice in a Brooklyn neighborhood that experiences both high crime and high rates of incarceration? The paper provides answers by looking at new reforms (including place-based interventions, procedural justice and new strategies for crime prevention) that have the potential to reduce offending, reengineer the relationship between the justice system and the public, and help activate a neighborhood’s capacity to help produce safety for itself.

Publications

Fact Sheet: Newark Community Solutions

Fact Sheet: Newark Community Solutions

This fact sheet summarizes the mission of Newark Community Solutions, an initiative of the Center for Court Innovation that seeks to re-engineer how low-level cases are handled at the Newark Municipal Court in Newark, New Jersey.

Publications

Planning a Problem-Solving Justice Initiative: A Toolkit for Tribal Communities

Planning a Problem-Solving Justice Initiative: A Toolkit for Tribal Communities

Tribal courts around the country are exploring the use of problem-solving justice, which offers a way to blend the adversarial process with more traditional practices that focus on healing and restoration. This toolkit offers tribal justice planners a step-by-step guide to developing effective problem-solving justice initiatives.

 

Publications

Fact Sheet: Bronx Community Solutions

Fact Sheet: Bronx Community Solutions

This fact sheet summarizes the mission and impact of Bronx Community Solutions, an initiative of the Center for Court Innovation that seeks to apply a problem-solving approach to non-violent cases in the Bronx.

Publications

The Role of the Judge in Specialized Problem-Solving Courts: Balancing Individualized Justice and Predictability

The Role of the Judge in Specialized Problem-Solving Courts: Balancing Individualized Justice and Predictability

By Michael Rempel

This book chapter by the Center for Court Innovation's research director summarizes the research demonstrating that the problem-solving judicial role directly contributes to reduced criminal behavior among program participants. The chapter also discusses individualized justice (assessing and responding to the needs of each defendant) and predictability (using standardized tools and generating clear expectations). Available in Offender Release and Supervision: The Role of Courts and the Use of Discretion, ed. Martine Herzog-Evans. Oisterwijk, Netherlands: Wolf Legal Publishers. Click here for ordering information.

Publications

Moving the Mountains: A Conversation with New York State Chief Judge Jonathan Lippman

Moving the Mountains: A Conversation with New York State Chief Judge Jonathan Lippman

In January of 2015, New York State Chief Judge Jonathan Lippman visited the Center for Court Innovation for a one-on-one conversation with Greg Berman. Topics ranged from the challenges of implementing justice reforms, managing fiscal crises, the value of strongly worded dissents, and how Judge Lippman likes to relax. This is an edited transcript of that wide-ranging conversation.

Publications

Brooklyn Justice Intiatives

Brooklyn Justice Intiatives

This Brooklyn Justice Initiatives annual report outlines the first year of a supervised release program that aims to reduce pre-trial detention for misdemeanor defendants in Brooklyn, New York.

Publications

Beyond a Single Neighborhood: Community Justice in Washington, D.C., Newark, N.J., and Milliken, Colo.

Beyond a Single Neighborhood: Community Justice in Washington, D.C., Newark, N.J., and Milliken, Colo.

By Sarah Schweig

Community courts, which offer creative responses to low-level crime, have traditionally been thought of as neighborhood courts. But the core principles of community courts—promoting alternatives to incarceration, encouraging respectful treatment of defendants, engaging the public in doing justice—can work just as effectively when handling cases from an entire town, city, or county. This paper looks at three jurisdictions that have successfully adapted the community court model beyond single neighborhoods. 

Publications

Community Perceptions of Brownsville: A Survey of Neighborhood Quality of Life, Safety, and Services

Community Perceptions of Brownsville: A Survey of Neighborhood Quality of Life, Safety, and Services

By Suvi Hynynen Lambson

The results of a 2010 community survey in Brownsville, Brooklyn focusing on perceptions of neighborhood quality of life, youth issues, public safety, and criminal justice agencies.

Publications

A Retrospective Analysis of Medical Malpractice Litigation in Three New York Counties

A Retrospective Analysis of Medical Malpractice Litigation in Three New York Counties

By Erin Farley

As part of a national effort to understand the factors that contribute to medical malpractice costs and to understand how the handling of malpractice cases might be improved in the civil justice system, the Center for Court Innovation examined medical malpractice cases in three New York City counties between 2002 and 2010. The findings indicated that an array of factors contribute to malpractice case outcomes in court. Injury severity had a particularly strong relationship both to case outcomes and the size of any resulting monetary award. A variety of court case processing factors, including the influence of the presiding judge over how the case unfolded, also significantly predicted outcomes. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services funded the study.

Contact
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