Community Prosecution

Publications

Working Together: Lessons for Prosecutors and Researchers from Four Smart Prosecution Sites

Working Together: Lessons for Prosecutors and Researchers from Four Smart Prosecution Sites

This brief outlines successful prosecutor-researcher collaborations and offers ideas to improve the working relationships of prosecutors and researchers. It was written by the Center for Court Innovation in collaboration with the Association of Prosecuting Attorneys with funding from the U.S. Department of Justice.

Publications

The Intelligence-Driven Prosecution Model: A Case Study in the New York County District Attorney's Office

The Intelligence-Driven Prosecution Model: A Case Study in the New York County District Attorney's Office

By Jennifer A. Tallon, Dana Kralstein, Erin Farley and Michael Rempel

This report presents the findings from an evaluation of the Intelligence-Driven Prosecution Model, implemented in 2010 by the New York County District Attorney’s Office. The model relies on the Crime Strategies Unit which uses intelligence and technology to understand the people, places, and problems driving crime in order to improve prosecutorial decision-making. Evaluation results suggest the model produces intelligence influencing prosecutorial decisions such as whether—and for how much—bail was set, charge severity at disposition, and sentence type and length.

Publications

Fact Sheet: Unmasking Times Square, Highlights from a Needs Assessment of Times Square Workers

Fact Sheet: Unmasking Times Square, Highlights from a Needs Assessment of Times Square Workers

By Tia Pooler and Becca Cadoff

A fact sheet summarizing the results of a needs-assessment survey of the costumed characters, ticket and CD sellers, painted women, and panhandlers who work in Times Square. Beginning in the spring of 2016, these workers have had to conduct their business in “Designated Activity Zones” or risk a criminal penalty. The Midtown Community Court handles violations of the new activity zones.

To Read the Full Report

Publications

Unmasking Times Square: A Needs-Assessment Survey with Ticket Sellers, Costumed Characters, and Others

Unmasking Times Square: A Needs-Assessment Survey with Ticket Sellers, Costumed Characters, and Others

By Tia Pooler and Becca Cadoff

Since the spring of 2016, people soliciting tips, selling tickets and CDs, and panhandling in Times Square have had to conduct their business in “Designated Activity Zones” or risk a criminal penalty. This report presents findings from a needs-assessment survey of these workers. Implications for programming at the Midtown Community Court that handles violations of the new activity zones and recommendations for policy reforms by regulatory bodies are discussed.

Download a fact sheet summarizing the survey's results

Publications

Lessons from Community Court: Strategies on Criminal Justice Reform from a Defense Attorney

Lessons from Community Court: Strategies on Criminal Justice Reform from a Defense Attorney

By Brett Taylor

Since the first community court was created in 1993, a generation of judges, lawyers, and court staff have developed new strategies for working with those charged with low-level crimes. In this report, Brett Taylor shares lessons he learned first-hand from his years working as a defense attorney at the Red Hook Community Justice Center and helping other jurisdictions adapt the community courts model. These lessons are relevant to any court system that seeks to improve outcomes for communities, victims, and offenders alike.

Publications

Responding to Homelessness: 11 Ideas for Justice Systems

Responding to Homelessness: 11 Ideas for Justice Systems

By Raphael Pope-Sussman

This fact sheet explores strategies that jurisdictions around the United States are using to deal with the issue of homelessness. Whether led by law enforcement, prosecutors, public defenders, or the courts, these approaches seek to address underlying causes and provide the practical support homeless offenders need to stabilize their lives. For each strategy described in this fact sheet, we have also included a case study. 

Publications

Advancing Community Justice: The Challenge of Brownsville, Brooklyn

Advancing Community Justice: The Challenge of Brownsville, Brooklyn

By Greg Berman

This monograph starts with a question: What can we do differently to enhance public safety, reduce the use of incarceration, and improve public perceptions of justice in a Brooklyn neighborhood that experiences both high crime and high rates of incarceration? The paper provides answers by looking at new reforms (including place-based interventions, procedural justice and new strategies for crime prevention) that have the potential to reduce offending, reengineer the relationship between the justice system and the public, and help activate a neighborhood’s capacity to help produce safety for itself.

Publications

Targeting the Mental Health Needs of Misdemeanor Defendants: An Impact Evaluation of the Bronx Mental Health Initiative

Targeting the Mental Health Needs of Misdemeanor Defendants: An Impact Evaluation of the Bronx Mental Health Initiative

By Tia Pooler

This report evaluates a pilot program that screens misdemeanor defendants for mental health disorders. Those assigned to a brief mental health intervention were significantly less likely to be re-arrested within one year, compared with similar defendants who were not assigned to the intervention. Results were especially positive for female defendants.

Publications

Fact Sheet: Bronx Community Solutions

Fact Sheet: Bronx Community Solutions

This fact sheet summarizes the mission and impact of Bronx Community Solutions, an initiative of the Center for Court Innovation that seeks to apply a problem-solving approach to non-violent cases in the Bronx.

Publications

Peacemaking Circles: Evaluating a Native American Restorative Justice Practice in a State Criminal Court Setting in Brooklyn

Peacemaking Circles: Evaluating a Native American Restorative Justice Practice in a State Criminal Court Setting in Brooklyn

By Suvi Hynynen Lambson

This study examines the work of the Red Hook Community Justice Center’s Peacemaking Program, which uses traditional Native American practices to resolve disputes. Participants can avoid the justice system by participating in peacemaking sessions and reaching a consensus agreement for restitution and repair.

Publications

Community Perceptions of Brownsville: A Survey of Neighborhood Quality of Life, Safety, and Services

Community Perceptions of Brownsville: A Survey of Neighborhood Quality of Life, Safety, and Services

By Suvi Hynynen

The results of a 2010 community survey in Brownsville, Brooklyn focusing on perceptions of neighborhood quality of life, youth issues, public safety, and criminal justice agencies.

Publications

Smart Prosecution Practices: Seven Recommendations to Integrate Science and Justice

Smart Prosecution Practices: Seven Recommendations to Integrate Science and Justice

By Steven Jansen and Robert V. Wolf

This report, published by the Association of Prosecuting Attorneys, recommends actions prosecutors can take to harness science and new technologies more effectively and better understand the work of crime labs and forensic practitioners. Better knowledge of scientific principles and practices strengthens a prosecutor's ability to make communities safe by strengthening investigations, identifying the guilty, exonerating the innocent, and presenting solid cases in court.

Publications

Community Courts

Community Courts

By Rachel Swaner

A community court, often called a neighborhood or community justice center, is a neighborhood-focused court that applies a problem-solving approach to local crime and safety concerns. This article, authored by a Center for Court Innovation researcher and published in the Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice (Eds. Gerben Bruinsma and David Weisburd, 2014, pp. 408-416), provides an accessible overview of the community court model, relevant research, and related controversies. Click here for an article summary and how to order.

Publications

What is Community Prosecution? An Excerpt from Encyclopedia of Community Policing and Problem Solving

What is Community Prosecution? An Excerpt from Encyclopedia of Community Policing and Problem Solving

By Robert V. Wolf

The Encyclopedia of Community Policing and Problem Solving is a comprehensive resource published by Sage in 2013. Read the "Community Prosecution" entry to learn about the strategy's components, history, and impact on community policing. To order the encyclopedia, visit the Sage site or the encyclopedia's order page.

Publications

Youth Court as Diversion: Outcomes for Shoplifting Cases at the Staten Island Youth Court

Youth Court as Diversion: Outcomes for Shoplifting Cases at the Staten Island Youth Court

By Warren A. Reich

This study examines the impact of the Staten Island Youth Court on case outcomes for 16 and 17 year-olds arraigned on shoplifting charges and finds a sharp reduction in guilty pleas and an increase in conditional dismissals (with Youth Court participation typically serving as the condition).

 

Contact
  • New York
  • 520 8th Avenue
  • 18th Floor
  • New York, NY 10018
  • phone: 646.386.3100
  • Syracuse
  • 601 Tully Street
  • Syracuse, NY 13204
  • phone: 315.266.4330
  • London
  • Canterbury Court
    1-3 Brixton Road
  • London, SW9 6DE
  • phone: +44 2076.329.060